Literacy

Literacy

Our approach focuses on irregular and high frequency words, using intensive instruction to build brain pathways that connect speech to print.

610x343-Images-28

Intensive instruction

Students with dyslexia often exhibit weaknesses in underlying language skills involving speech sound (phonological) and print (orthographic) processing, and in building brain pathways that connect speech to print.

The brain pathways used for reading and spelling must develop to connect the many areas and transmit information with speed and accuracy. Most students with dyslexia have weak phonemic awareness, meaning they are unaware of the role sounds play within words. This will cause difficulty with rhyming words, blending sounds to make words, or segmenting words into sounds.

Because of their trouble establishing associations between sounds and symbols, dyslexic students will also have trouble learning to recognise words automatically (“by sight”) or fast enough to allow comprehension (reading for meaning). If students are not accurate with sounds or symbols, they will have trouble forming memories for common words, even the “little” words in students’ books.

Our students need specialised instruction to master the alphabetic code, ample learning opportunities to build fluency and practice to achieve mastery.

Course material is mastered in a phased process — introduction, practice, review and application. The mastered material then becomes a foundation for future learning. In each class, teachers help students focus by circulating through the room, using up to three small group tumbles, using technologies, teachers assistants and direct teacher led instruction using methods, and strategically pacing lesson content and activities.

610x343-Images-72

What are the principles?

Simultaneous and multi-sensory
Teaching uses all learning pathways in the brain (i.e., visual, auditory, kinesthetic-tactile) simultaneously or sequentially in order to enhance memory and learning.

Systematic and cumulative

Multi-sensory language instruction requires that the organisation of material follows the logical order of the language. The sequence must begin with the easiest and most basic concepts and progress methodically to more difficult material. Each concept must also be based on those already learned. Concepts taught must be systematically reviewed to strengthen memory.

Direct instruction

The inferential learning of any concept cannot be taken for granted. Multi-sensory language instruction requires direct teaching of all concepts with continuous student-teacher interaction.

Diagnostic teaching

The teacher must be adept at flexible or individualised teaching. The teaching plan is based on careful and continuous assessment of the individual’s needs. The content presented must be mastered step by step for the student to progress.

Synthetic and analytic instruction

Multi-sensory, structured language programs include both synthetic and analytic instruction. Synthetic instruction presents the parts of the language and then teaches how the parts work together to form a whole. Analytic instruction presents the whole and teaches how this can be broken down into its component parts.

Comprehensive and inclusive

All levels of language are addressed, often in parallel, including sounds (phonemes), symbols (graphemes), meaningful word parts (morphemes), word and phrase meanings (semantics), sentences (syntax), longer passages (discourse), and the social uses of language (pragmatics).